Children's Study Initiative

Devoted to Children with Learning Disabilities

Intelligence Quotient (IQ) = Mental age / chronological age x 100
Intelligence Quotient is expressed as percentage

Normal IQ: 85 – 110
Borderline intelligence: IQ between 70 – 84
Mild mental retardation: IQ between 50 -69
Moderate mental retardation: IQ between 35 – 49
Severe mental retardation: IQ between 20 – 34
Profound mental retardation: IQ less than 20

Learning problem is common among school children and it is a matter of concern not only for children, but also for parents and teachers. Learning disorders affect about 10% of school going children. Children with learning disorders have average or above average intelligence, but they have difficulty in reading, spelling, writing or mathematical skills. Another cause for scholastic backwardness is borderline intelligence (IQ between 70 – 85%). Mild mental retardation with IQ between 50 – 70% will also cause significant learning difficulty. Other causes presenting as learning problems in school going children include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and other behaviour disorders like conduct disorder. Children with reduced motivation also have scholastic backwardness.

 If not identified and corrected at the earliest, children with scholastic backwardness and learning difficulty can have tremendous academic stress and it can lead to anxiety disorders and stress related disorders like somatoform disorders. Hence all children with difficulty in learning and children presenting with scholastic backwardness need detailed individualized evaluation and professional guidance by experts from child guidance / learning disability clinics.